Custom Enclosure for 2012 WRX

Discussion in 'Subwoofer Box and Custom Fabrication' started by Desolatemm, Jun 21, 2012.

  1. Desolatemm

    Desolatemm New Member

    Hello everyone,

    I thought is would be a smart idea to post my project before starting to get a green light from the experienced people here at CarAudioForum.

    I just got my 2012 Subaru WRX and I want to put my sub in the back. The Rex is a hatch with a lot of contour and curves on the side of the trunk area. I plan to make a fiber-glass and MDF box so I can utilize all of the space available in the trunk. There is not a lot of room when the back seats up so my old box isn't a good option.

    Here is some background information about the build. I am putting in an Apline 10" Typr-R. I have a 3D model of the trunk interior to get my volume almost exact. I used foam boards to trace and cut the contour of the car interior at different locations. Then I took photos, imported them into my 3D modeling program, scaled them, and traced them.

    Here are the details and numbers:
    -The fixed dimensions of the box are ~13" tall and ~28" wide. The depth is my only variable. I want a ported box with as little depth as possible (so as little volume, but still the correct amount). Alpine recommends a box volume of 1.1 cu.ft.

    -I want to achieve a ported enclosure tuned to ~35hz. I can fudge the frequency a bit and I am open to recommendations, 35hz sounded like a good number to shoot for.

    -I've never used a round port before, but I understand that they are more prone to whistling/chuff noise. I decided to shoot for a 4" Diameter port with flared ends.

    -I used an free-online calculator at AJdesigner (Link HERE) to find the recommended volume and port length. Here are the numbers it gave me:
    Volume (base on the sub's Qts=0.53 and Vas=21L) = 1.83cu.ft
    Port Length (single 4" port, end correction of 0.5) = 13.12"

    So here are a few questions I have about the build:

    1)Alpine manual recommends a vent enclosure volume of 1.1 cu.ft, but the AJdesigner calculator recommends 1.83 cu.ft. What should I use? The 1.83 box extends about 12" into my main trunk space, 1.25 extends about 8", and 1.1 extends 7"

    2)Will a single 4" flared port work okay for my this build? Do I need to go larger diameter and/or more ports?

    3)Can you have a turn in a round port (similar to how a square vent makes a 90deg turn at the back of the box). Is this okay to do?

    4)Is the reliable for these calculations?

    I really appreciate the help!
    Last edited: Jun 22, 2012
  2. Desolatemm

    Desolatemm New Member

    So I looked at WinISD and it looks similar to the AJdesigner port length calculations. I cannot use winISD on my work computer durring lunch, so I adjusted my design using the AJdesigner and then matched the design in winISD at home. I will post the plot of this build soon.

    Below are some pictures of the current box design with the port and driver locations modeled accurately. You can make out the internal lines of the box to see that everything has clearance. The front and the top of the box will be made from 3/4" MDF. The seat and door sides, back, and bottom of the box will be fiberglass. I might only do the back as fiberglass and the rest as 3/4" MDF, not sure yet. I figure that using fiberglass would result in thinner wall thickness which gives me more volume so I do not have to extend my box out farther into my trunk space. The top in fiberglass too I guess... But I might want to put stuff ontop of the box. If I go camping for example. Would fiberglass be okay to use on the top? I make an assumption that all the fiberglass locations will be 0.25" thick as a start. Does that sound about right?

    I will be heat-forming the PVC port to creat a good flare on either end. I will either build a jig with a flare modeled or use a bowl. Any suggestions? I realize the model does not factor in the flares yet, I will probably refine the model and see how much it changes the volume. It also looks like the clearance at the end of the port might not work if there is a flare... I'll need to look into that, just thought about it.

    Summary of Current plan:
    Net volume: 1.211 cuft
    Port Length: 20"
    Freq: 35hz
  3. Ranger SVO

    Ranger SVO Full Member

    A couple things, the port is taking up space. You must add the port volume to the box volume. If the box volume is 2075 cu in and the port is 320 cu in, then your total volume in the box needs to be 2395 cu in.

    Also, the slightly larger box will perform better. I would seriously use the 1.85 cu ft box. Taking into account the port volume, the port length would need to be about 12-13 inches long. I would go for 12.5-inches